Feedstocks

Several feed stocks at choise:
The MSP- technology can process a broad variation of feed stocks from fossil, vegetable and animal origin. It is possible to mix and combine different feed stocks. Some prerequisites are that the moisture level is below 10% and that the material is free from large glass and metal objects. The resume' below shows the yield and amounts of catalysts needed for some feed stocks.

Yields and catalyst for different feedstock

Plastics

 

Classification: Waste product. The oils can be sold without environmental taxes. 

 

Plastic waste is a preferred feedstock to the MSP process because it has high yield (80- 84%), it is easy to process and to pelletize. and because it isn't encumbered with environmental taxes

The main sources of plastics are from the industry, household recycling and agriculture.

 

Household waste
 

Classification: Waste product. The oils can be sold without environmental taxes.  

 

Household waste is a preferred feedstock to the MSP process because of the large quantities accessible (500 kg per person and year), no environmental taxes and a negative market price.


Household waste may contain big glass and metal objects that need to be sorted out before pelletized. Bionic can provide a small sorting station for this purpose. The yield is fairly low compared to fossil waste. The content of household waste may vary witch makes it difficult to find optimal programs for the process.

  

Household waste can be acuired from local trash collectors. 

Tires.

 

Classification: Waste product. The oils can be sold without environmental taxes.  


Rubber granulate from tires is a preferred feedstock to the MSP process because of high yield, the large quantities accessable and a negative market price. Valuable residue products are coal and metals.


Tires needs to be fragmented into centimeter sized granulate before used as feed stock. Heavy duty equipment for making rubber granulate and sorting out textile and metal fractions are available at request.  

 

Automobile tires are currently an environmental problem. Deposits leak toxic aromatic hydrocarbons. Combustion creates toxic emissions like sulfur dioxide, PAH and dioxins. The current usage for old tires is as fuel in cement factories and power stations or as construction material in asphalt and running tracks. 

 

Used engine and electric oils
 

Classification: Fossil fuel, environmental taxes included.

 

Used engine and electric oils are suitable feed stocks in the MSP- process. Some advantages are the high yield (94%), the prices which varies between 0- xxx kr/ m3 and that the oils have an adhesive ability that strengthen the pellet formations.

The oils are classified as fossil fuel and are therefore encumbered with environmental taxes. The
quantities are somewhat limited.
 
 

Automotive residue oils can be collected from service- and recycling stations and industry for free.
A car engine uses 3,5 liters engine oil a year which indicates that there are about nine million liters of used automotive oils in Norway alone.
Today most oil are collected by recycling companies who sell it to combustion plants and recycling companies.